The C Certificate is a pre-requisite.
Holders of C Certificates can progress to either the C* or the K Certificate.
The K Certificate is a non-jumping alternative to the C* Certificate, with elective subjects.
For assessment, C* Certificate candidates will be required to jump a maximum height and width of 85cm.
A journal in an appropriate format of the year’s riding and training is required for assessment.
The successful C* Certificate rider should be able to demonstrate all skills required of the C Certificate, plus the following:
Rider’s Tool Kit
• Discuss the ten principles of training
• Briefly explain the evolution and changing role of horses within human society
• Discuss the horse’s memory, ability to form habits and intelligence
• Have a very thorough understanding of pressure-release and reward training
• Explain conditioned reinforcers and their use
• Understand punishment and habituation
• Explain overshadowing
• Show a developing understanding of the shaping process.
On the Ground
• Understand the importance of clear, obedient responses on the ground
• Demonstrate an understanding of the shaping process throughout ground work
• Discuss the process of training a horse to step backward from voice cue
• Know the difference between steps and strides
• Demonstrate a developing ability to move the horse’s hindquarters.
• Demonstrate park and head down
• Discuss how a metronome can be used in horse training
• Demonstrate stop, slow and step back from light aids
• Understand the biomechanics of turn
• Ride a turn on the forehand
• Ride with reins in one hand at walk, trot and canter
• Ride without stirrups at walk, trot and canter
• Demonstrate correct position
• Be fluent with diagonal changes and be developing a feel for the correct diagonal
• Be proficient in cantering – able to achieve correct leads most of the time and correct them when they are incorrect
• Know the footfalls of all gaits
• Ride at 220, 350, 400 and 450 metres per minute with a degree of accuracy
• Discuss warming up and cooling down
• Discuss how to manage the horse when they first start going to events and competitions and have a clear understanding of safe practices in this situation
• Discuss the etiquette for the warm up arena.
• Understand two different forms of rein release (i.e. crest and automatic (direct) release)
• Negotiate small show jumps with calmness and an understanding of good training practices, maximum height and width of 85cms
• Relate a discussion of shaping and punishment to jumping
• Demonstrate riding over small cross-country obstacles (at least 85cm) • Know the different types of cross-country obstacles
• Discuss the reasons for lungeing
• Discuss correct and safe attire and tack for lungeing
• Demonstrate correct, safe lungeing practices.
• Discuss the Five Freedoms
• Demonstrate how to neatly plait a mane and tail
• Discuss trimming and clipping styles. Understand the reasons for not trimming horse feathers and vibrissae (whiskers)
• Discuss correct hoof management practices (shoeing, trimming etc.)
• Know the farrier’s tools (rasp, knife, cutters, hammer, buffer, pincers).
• Discuss the requirements for safe transportation of horses
• Know the paddock checklist
• Know the daily checklist for the paddocked horse
• Understand the care requirements for both a paddocked and stabled horse
• Discuss stable bedding types
• Discuss feeding guidelines
• Discuss different types of hay and basic feeds appropriate to the local area
• Discuss letting the horse down for spell
• Discuss the process of getting a horse fit after spell
• Know when to call the vet
• Know how to take the following observations for the vet: heart rate, respiration rate, temperature, manure
• Know the signs of a healthy horse
• Describe a well-stocked first aid kit and the use of each item of contents
• Bandage a minor leg wound
• Be able to detect lameness
• Discuss how to treat deep wounds and skin disorders
• Discuss the identification and treatment of common ailments including laminitis, colds, greasy heel and seedy toe
• Discuss parasite control appropriate to the local area
• Discuss vaccinations for tetanus and strangles, plus other vaccinations needed for the local area.
• Discuss dental care
• Be able to tell a horse’s age by looking at the teeth
• Demonstrate an understanding of correctly fitted tack including martingales
• Understand the different types of bits
• Discuss how to fit leg protection to the horse
• Explain how to maintain rugs and grooming equipment.