The C Certificate is a pre-requisite.

Holders of C Certificates can progress to either the C* or the K Certificate.

The K Certificate is a non-jumping alternative to the C* Certificate, with elective subjects.

For assessment, C* Certificate candidates will be required to jump a maximum height and width of 85cm.

A journal in an appropriate format of the year’s riding and training is required for assessment.

The successful C* Certificate rider should be able to demonstrate all skills required of the C Certificate, plus the following:

Rider’s Tool Kit

• Discuss the ten principles of training

• Briefly explain the evolution and changing role of horses within human society

• Discuss the horse’s memory, ability to form habits and intelligence

• Have a very thorough understanding of pressure-release and reward training

• Explain conditioned reinforcers and their use

• Understand punishment and habituation

• Explain overshadowing

• Show a developing understanding of the shaping process.

On the Ground

• Understand the importance of clear, obedient responses on the ground

• Demonstrate an understanding of the shaping process throughout ground work

• Discuss the process of training a horse to step backward from voice cue

• Know the difference between steps and strides

• Demonstrate a developing ability to move the horse’s hindquarters.

• Demonstrate park and head down

Under Saddle

• Discuss how a metronome can be used in horse training

• Demonstrate stop, slow and step back from light aids

• Understand the biomechanics of turn

• Ride a turn on the forehand

• Ride with reins in one hand at walk, trot and canter

• Ride without stirrups at walk, trot and canter

• Demonstrate correct position

• Be fluent with diagonal changes and be developing a feel for the correct diagonal

• Be proficient in cantering – able to achieve correct leads most of the time and correct them when they are incorrect

• Know the footfalls of all gaits

• Ride at 220, 350, 400 and 450 metres per minute with a degree of accuracy

• Discuss warming up and cooling down

• Discuss how to manage the horse when they first start going to events and competitions and have a clear understanding of safe practices in this situation

• Discuss the etiquette for the warm up arena.


• Understand two different forms of rein release (i.e. crest and automatic (direct) release)

• Negotiate small show jumps with calmness and an understanding of good training practices, maximum height and width of 85cms

• Relate a discussion of shaping and punishment to jumping

• Demonstrate riding over small cross-country obstacles (at least 85cm) • Know the different types of cross-country obstacles


• Discuss the reasons for lungeing

• Discuss correct and safe attire and tack for lungeing

• Demonstrate correct, safe lungeing practices.

Horse Management

• Discuss the Five Freedoms

• Demonstrate how to neatly plait a mane and tail

• Discuss trimming and clipping styles. Understand the reasons for not trimming horse feathers and vibrissae (whiskers)

• Discuss correct hoof management practices (shoeing, trimming etc.)

• Know the farrier’s tools (rasp, knife, cutters, hammer, buffer, pincers).

• Discuss the requirements for safe transportation of horses

• Know the paddock checklist

• Know the daily checklist for the paddocked horse

• Understand the care requirements for both a paddocked and stabled horse

• Discuss stable bedding types

• Discuss feeding guidelines

• Discuss different types of hay and basic feeds appropriate to the local area

• Discuss letting the horse down for spell

• Discuss the process of getting a horse fit after spell

• Know when to call the vet

• Know how to take the following observations for the vet: heart rate, respiration rate, temperature, manure

• Know the signs of a healthy horse

• Describe a well-stocked first aid kit and the use of each item of contents

• Bandage a minor leg wound

• Be able to detect lameness

• Discuss how to treat deep wounds and skin disorders

• Discuss the identification and treatment of common ailments including laminitis, colds, greasy heel and seedy toe

• Discuss parasite control appropriate to the local area

• Discuss vaccinations for tetanus and strangles, plus other vaccinations needed for the local area.

• Discuss dental care

• Be able to tell a horse’s age by looking at the teeth

• Demonstrate an understanding of correctly fitted tack including martingales

• Understand the different types of bits

• Discuss how to fit leg protection to the horse

• Explain how to maintain rugs and grooming equipment.