k CERTIFICATE


The C Certificate is a pre-requisite.

The K Certificate is an alternative to the C* Certificate.

K Certificate candidates will complete the C* curriculum in all areas except jumping and with an additional requirement to complete one Alternative Discipline Component of their choice and either a Community Service Component or a New Skill Component (detailed below).

Candidates should keep a journal of their progress in an appropriate format, which will be included in assessment.
The successful K Certificate rider should be able to demonstrate all skills required of the C Certificate, plus the following:

Rider’s Tool Kit

• Discuss the ten principles of training

• Briefly explain the horse’s evolution and changing role within human society

• Discuss the horse’s memory, ability to form habits and intelligence

• Have a very thorough understanding of pressure-release and reward training

• Explain conditioned reinforcers and their use

• Understand punishment and habituation

• Explain overshadowing

• Show a developing understanding of the shaping process.

On the Ground

• Understand the importance of clear, obedient responses on the ground

• Demonstrate an understanding of the shaping process throughout ground work

• Discuss the process of training a horse to step backward from voice cue

• Know the difference between steps and strides

• Demonstrate a developing ability to move the horse’s hindquarters.

• Demonstrate park and head down

Under Saddle

• Discuss how a metronome can be used in horse training

• Demonstrate stop, slow and step back from light aids

• Understand the biomechanics of turn

• Ride a turn on the forehand

• Ride with reins in one hand at walk, trot and canter

• Ride without stirrups at walk, trot and canter

• Demonstrate correct position

• Be fluent with diagonal changes and be developing a feel for the correct diagonal

• Be proficient in cantering – able to achieve correct leads most of the time and correct them when they are incorrect

• Know the footfalls of the gaits

• Ride at 220, 350, 400 and 450 metres per minute with a degree of accuracy

• Discuss warming up and cooling down

• Discuss how to manage the horse when they first start going to events and competitions and have a clear understanding of safe practices in this situation

• Discuss the etiquette for the warm up arena.

Lungeing

• Discuss the reasons for lungeing

• Discuss correct and safe attire and tack for lungeing

• Demonstrate correct, safe lungeing practices.

Horse Management

• Discuss the Five Freedoms

• Demonstrate how to neatly plait a mane and tail

• Discuss trimming and clipping styles. Understand the reasons for not trimming horse feathers and vibrissae (whiskers)

• Discuss correct hoof management practices (shoeing, trimming etc.)

• Know the farrier’s tools (rasp, knife, cutters, hammer, buffer, pincers).

• Discuss the requirements for safe transportation of horses

• Know the paddock checklist

• Know the daily checklist for the paddocked horse

• Understand the care requirements for both a paddocked and stabled horse

• Discuss stable bedding types

• Discuss feeding guidelines

• Discuss different types of hay and basic feeds appropriate to the local area

• Discuss letting the horse down for spell

• Discuss the process of getting a horse fit after spell

• Know when to call the vet

• Know how to take the following observations for the vet: heart rate, respiration rate, temperature, manure

• Know the signs of a healthy horse

• Describe a well-stocked first aid kit and the use of each item of contents

• Bandage a minor leg wound

• Be able to detect lameness

• Discuss how to treat deep wounds and skin disorders

• Discuss the identification and treatment of common ailments including laminitis, colds, greasy heel and seedy toe

• Discuss parasite control appropriate to the local area

• Discuss vaccinations for tetanus and strangles, plus vaccinations related to the local area.

• Discuss dental care

• Be able to tell a horse’s age by looking at the teeth

• Demonstrate an understanding of correctly fitted tack including martingales • Understand the different types of bits

• Discuss how to fit leg protection to the horse

• Explain how to maintain rugs and grooming equipment.

Additional K Certificate Components
Before beginning the K Certificate, the candidate, in discussion with their Pony Club coach and parents (if appropriate), will decide on their areas of interest, the ways in which the number of hours will be recorded and approved, and the forms of evidence to be presented to the examiners. Candidates should keep track of their progress in their journal, which will form part of assessment.

Alternative discipline component

K candidates will choose an equestrian discipline to work on and develop their skills. At least 20 hours throughout the year should be dedicated to this. The discipline could include harness driving, mounted archery, clicker training or agility.

And either:

Community service component

K Certificate candidates will spend 10 – 15 hours on a project that will benefit the local equestrian community. This could include develop a website for a local equestrian charity, develop a risk management plan for club events, write a report on local trail infrastructure, write a local newspaper article on your Club, volunteer with a horse rescue organisation or Pony Club Australia.

Or:

New skill component

Candidate will spend 10-15 hours developing a new skill. This should be equestrian or related in some way. Skills could include: course designing for cross country and show jumping, clipping, float maintenance, technical large animal emergency rescue training. Other skills that will benefit Pony Club could also be proposed, such a First Aid certificate. The new skill component could also be in the form of a research project of 2500 words in an area of interest, e.g. advanced Equitation Science principles, feeding, conformation and physiology, conditioning practices for sport horses, biosecurity risk management, technical large animal emergency rescue, event risk management or emergency and natural hazard management.